Stem Cell Basics V.Uploader: Yok 4 month ago Subscribe 3
Adult stem cells have been identified in many organs and tissues, including brain, bone marrow, peripheral blood, blood vessels, skeletal muscle, skin, teeth, heart, gut, liver, ovarian epithelium, and testis. The reprogrammed cells were similar to beta cells in appearance, size, and shape; expressed genes characteristic of beta cells; and were able to partially restore blood sugar regulation in mice whose own beta cells had been chemically destroyed. Efficient generation of midbrain and hindbrain neurons from mouse embryonic stem cells. This means they can potentially produce new cells for any organ or tissue. Myelin became detectable around axons in mutant rats lacking myelin, after transfer of mouse ES-derived glial cells  suggesting a potential treatment for multiple sclerosis.